Marxism, Evolutionism & Spiritualism
The year 1844 was an important time in the life of Karl Marx. His Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 (also referred to as The Paris Manuscripts) presents already a mature Marxist ideology that soon would ignite the peoples of Europe, putting the Old World on a new political, economical, and social course. Both Adventists and "astrologists" agree that the new dispensation brought about Marxist ideology. Both tend to give a negative estimate to this tendency. However, while the "astrologists" explain those tendencies and events by some peculiar motions of star, the Adventists refer to the counterfeit work of Satan opposing the work of Christ in the Heavenly Sanctuary. Also, while for the "astrologists" the manifestation of those negative tendencies mostly in the tangible, political realm; the Adventists tend to see a broader and a more spiritual picture that along with the rise of the Marxism considers the rise of the evolutionism and the spiritualism. We will briefly consider those formative movements and their relation to the time of their origin.
Charles Darwin enlarged his notes on the theory of evolution in 1844 into a sketch of the conclusions, which then seemed probable to him:
“My work is now nearly finished,” he says in the second paragraph of the preface, “but as it will take me two or three more years to complete it, and as my health is far from strong, I have been urged to publish this Abstract. I have more especially been induced to do this as Mr. Wallace has arrived at almost exactly the same general conclusions that I have on the origin of species. Last year he sent to me a memoir on this subject, with a request that I would forward it to Sir Charles Lyell, who sent it to the Linnean Society, and it is published in the third volume of the Journal of that Society. Sir C. Lyell and Dr. Hooker, who both knew of my work--the latter having read my sketch of 1844--honoured me by thinking it advisable to publish, with Mr. Wallace's excellent memoir, some brief extracts from my manuscripts.” (Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, Introduction, retrieved on 6/3/2013.)
From 1844 to 1859, Darwin steadily pursued the same object. In a way, 1844 had become a point of no return in his life. The consequences of this are generally known as the prevalent Evolutionary theory. This theory allows no room for biblical Christianity, and goes in direct opposition to the message of the First angel that the Seventh-day Adventist consider as being proclaimed with power since 1844: "Fear God, and give glory to Him; for the hour of His judgment is come: and worship Him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters" (Rev 14:7).
In March 1844, ‘father’ of the Spiritualism, Andrew Jackson Davis, an 18-year-old shoemaker in Poughkeepsie, New York, had a visionary experience or "psychic flight through space" launching his life's career as an occult philosopher-prophet. He then went into his first semi trance and wandered into the mountains, 40 miles from his home in New York. He claims to have met the spirits of Swedenborg, and the second century Greek physician Claudius Galen. Although he had no education, from that time he started to teach and write about spiritualism. In the same year he started writing his book entitled “The Principles of Mankind”, in which he wrote: “It is a truth that spirits commune with one another while one is in the body, and the other in the higher spheres… And the world will hail with delight the ushering in of that era when the interiors of men will be opened, and the spiritual communion will be established…” ((First Spiritual Temple, The Ayer Institute (Brookline, MA)), "About the First Spiritual Temple Forerunners: Andrew Jackson Davis (1826-1910). (2001; accessed April 17, 2013.)
Seventh-day Adventists generally believe that spiritualism will play a special role in the deception of the last days. Ellen G. White wrote: "Many will be ensnared through the belief that spiritualism is a merely human imposture; when brought face to face with manifestations which they cannot but regard as supernatural, they will be deceived, and will be led to accept them as the great power of God.
As the teachings of spiritualism are accepted by the churches, the restraint imposed upon the carnal heart is removed, and the profession of religion will become a cloak to conceal the basest iniquity. A belief in spiritual manifestations opens the door to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils, and thus the influence of evil angels will be felt in the churches." (Maranatha, p. 166. )
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